There are many different treatments exterminators will used for bed bugs. Not all of them will work for all infestations. Bed bugs are easily adaptable and treatment that was effective ten years ago may not be as effective today. .
Diatomaceous earth is one treatment that can be effective but has varying success. More often than not self treatments are done incorrectly, and cause the bugs to spread to other areas of the home and embed themselves deeper into hiding. This is caused by the low concentration of active ingredients in the consumer grade products vs the professional grade products used by exterminators. An un-successful treatment from this type of product makes the bugs harder to locate and treat moving forward, and inevitably increases the expense of the service.
Other treatments include extreme temperatures such as lowering or increasing the temperature of a space to an extreme degree. Heat treatments are particularly effective in treating all stages of bed bugs, including their eggs.
Professional grade pesticides are sometimes used to eliminate bed bugs. On rare occasions this can be problematic, as bed bugs can become resistant to certain pesticides over time. Whichever pesticide a certain exterminator chooses to treat bed bugs, it will likely fall into one of three categories. These are: natural pyrethrins, synthetic pyrethrins and inorganic materials.. All of these products are designed to attack the bed bug’s anatomy, mainly their exoskeleton and neurological systems, and eventually lead to their death.
Regardless of the type of treatment used for bed bugs, it’s not uncommon for a space to require several treatments. Bed bugs are not easy to get rid of and they can be resistant to pesticides. In many instances, one treatment simply is not enough to fully eliminate the problem. Two or three may be needed before the bugs are gone entirely.